A list of the biggest lakes of Russia rightly tops the pond, whose name got the word “sea”. The Caspian sea is on the border of Europe and Asia and is owned by five States: Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Azerbaijan. According to the latest data, its area amounts to 376 000 km2, but this figure is subject to strong fluctuations. Without exaggeration, the Caspian sea has become world famous not only because of its size, but also as one of the most problematic bodies of water.
In case the imbalance between the number entering the Caspian sea water and the amount of evaporation, in which the water level in the last century have steadily declined. About 30 years ago the climate of the Volga basin (which is the main supplier of water in the Caspian sea) became more humid, the parish has exceeded consumption – and began flooding the already developed coastal areas. Since 1820 here is oil and natural gas. the reserves which, according to expert estimates, to reach 20 billion tons.
The next largest is lake Baikal with the area of 31 500 km2, it is located between Buryatia and Irkutsk region. Baikal is the world record holder in several ways: it is the largest freshwater lake on Earth and here is the deepest (1620 Continue reading
Glorious sea — sacred Baikal…
I invite You to a virtual journey to lake Baikal — the most beautiful pearl of Russia. I am very interested to visit the lake Baikal, to see the pure awesome of the lake.
Lake Baikal is located in the South of Eastern Siberia, in the heart of Asia, in the valley between mountain ranges. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, the depth of the lake — 1637 meters, it is composed of many legends and stories, songs and poems. For its size, the Baikal can compete with some of the seas, its length from North-East to South-West is 636 km that is equal to the distance from Moscow to St. Petersburg, a relatively small width from 25 to 79 km at its widest point.
Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world,
the depth and volume of fresh water, volume of water equal to the water volume of the Baltic sea — this is 20% of the world’s fresh water.
Soft water of lake Baikal, along the entire depth is saturated with oxygen, clean and clear — ‘sbecause into the lake waters with a large territory — more than 550 thousand Continue reading
Australia Australia is the sixth largest country in the world occupying an entire continent and adjacent Islands. This is the lowest leveled and continent of the Earth, where there are no earthquakes, no volcanism manifestations. Stand out in the topography of the plateau in the West and in the center of the Central lowland (up to 16m), in the East, strongly destroyed mountains of the Great Dividing range (2230 metres, Kosciuszko). The climate varies from semiarid in the North to temperate in the South of Tasmania. For the most part has a tropical climate with trade winds the winds from the Pacific ocean. 2/3 of the territory is occupied by deserts and semi-deserts (Great Sandy, Gibson, Great Victoria desert, etc.). Along the coasts and in the mountains – forest. Flora and especially the fauna of otlichayutsya endemism. The river network is poorly developed. Distinctive temporary watercourses (cries), a saline lake. The country is rich in groundwater, but they are brackish.
Reference: Total area: 7.68 million sq km population: 19.9 million people capital: Canberra official languages: English, currency: Australian dollar.
Tourism: each year Australia is visited by about 4.5 million people. Tourists are attracted by the amazing nature of the country, Continue reading