A list of the biggest lakes of Russia rightly tops the pond, whose name got the word “sea”. The Caspian sea is on the border of Europe and Asia and is owned by five States: Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Azerbaijan. According to the latest data, its area amounts to 376 000 km2, but this figure is subject to strong fluctuations. Without exaggeration, the Caspian sea has become world famous not only because of its size, but also as one of the most problematic bodies of water.
In case the imbalance between the number entering the Caspian sea water and the amount of evaporation, in which the water level in the last century have steadily declined. About 30 years ago the climate of the Volga basin (which is the main supplier of water in the Caspian sea) became more humid, the parish has exceeded consumption – and began flooding the already developed coastal areas. Since 1820 here is oil and natural gas. the reserves which, according to expert estimates, to reach 20 billion tons.
The next largest is lake Baikal with the area of 31 500 km2, it is located between Buryatia and Irkutsk region. Baikal is the world record holder in several ways: it is the largest freshwater lake on Earth and here is the deepest (1620 Continue reading
Of greatest interest is the island of San Miguel with its historic Maritime capital, green fields and beautiful volcanic scenery. Originally San Miguel was composed of two separate Islands. The largest and most populated of the nine main Islands of the archipelago is 65 km from Settling in the capital of the island called Ponta Delgada, easy access to the rocky coast — to lakes in volcanic craters and hot springs emitting steam from the depths of the island.
The Western part of the island
In the North-West of the island of são Miguel is a giant crater of the volcano Caldeira das Sete Cidades (Caldeira das Network-Cidades), a circumference of about 12 km If the crater is not covered by clouds, is better it is visible from the observation platform Vistas do Rei where the trail starts, leading to its Western edge. At the bottom of the crater lies a little village Network-Cidades and six dark green lakes, separated by thin strips of land. It is believed that the crater was formed in 1440-ies, after the eruption, which was destroyed by the volcano that created the Western part of the island. Today the crater is covered with dense vegetation, although the first settlers called it a scorched shell.
In the main city of the Northern coast, called Continue reading
Lake Geneva is located on the countryside of Switzerland and France. This lake is one of the biggest in Western Europe and the largest lake in the Alps.
About 60% of lake Geneva is under the jurisdiction of Switzerland, and the other 40% washes would save a Department of France — Top of the Savoy.
The lake lies on the rhône river, which begins with the eponymous glacier. The lake is the largest in Switzerland, and greatly exceeding in size all known lakes in the Alps. Its shape is similar to the shape of a Crescent, the horns of which is oriented to the South. North side of the shoreline continues 95 km South of 72 km. The greatest depth of the lake is 310 meters and it is situated between the towns of Lausanne on the North shore and Evian-Les-Baie South. Also in this place the width of the lake is 13 km away.
The whole world knows what the beautiful shores of lake Geneva. They connect the sub-tropical vegetation with snow-capped mountain tops, unobtrusive and pleasant climate. Noteworthy resort town dot the banks of the lake, among them: Evian and Thonon-Les-Bains in France; Geneva, Montreux, Vevey, Lausanne and Villeneuve on the Swiss side. On the North shore is also popular Swiss Riviera – a coastal area with a huge number of luxurious resorts that are located East of Lausanne. Here is Chillon castle, which once guarded the trade routes. Continue reading