A list of the biggest lakes of Russia rightly tops the pond, whose name got the word “sea”. The Caspian sea is on the border of Europe and Asia and is owned by five States: Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Azerbaijan. According to the latest data, its area amounts to 376 000 km2, but this figure is subject to strong fluctuations. Without exaggeration, the Caspian sea has become world famous not only because of its size, but also as one of the most problematic bodies of water.
In case the imbalance between the number entering the Caspian sea water and the amount of evaporation, in which the water level in the last century have steadily declined. About 30 years ago the climate of the Volga basin (which is the main supplier of water in the Caspian sea) became more humid, the parish has exceeded consumption – and began flooding the already developed coastal areas. Since 1820 here is oil and natural gas. the reserves which, according to expert estimates, to reach 20 billion tons.
The next largest is lake Baikal with the area of 31 500 km2, it is located between Buryatia and Irkutsk region. Baikal is the world record holder in several ways: it is the largest freshwater lake on Earth and here is the deepest (1620 Continue reading
In Kyrgyzstan several hundred dangerous lakes, out of which 20 lakes are at the stage of breakthrough. These data lead experts on hydrogeology. Each of the lakes is a time bomb. According to the Ministry of natural resources, due to global warming in the country, glaciers melt and increases the volume of water in the lakes. According to the forecast of the Ministry, in the next two years can cut 12 to 15 lakes, situated in the Chui region. How serious is the threat of a breakthrough of mountain ponds and lakes was found Saltanat Kaldybaeva.
In Kyrgyzstan, from 2 thousand more than 300 mountain lakes are vulnerable to breaches. Such data led the head of the Kyrgyz hydrogeological expedition of the Ministry of natural resources Kamchybek Musuraliev. The last two years, the lake has not broken, but today, the fear among scientists is the lake TERS – tor located in the valley of Ala – Archa. The lake quickly filled connection with the intensive melting of snow and glaciers. On the road to this lake is the city of Bishkek and a number of settlements. The last time the lake TERS tor broke through in 1953 – year.
Each of mountain lakes has its own conditions of formation and breakthrough, says hydrogeologist Sergey Erokhin. There are many reasons for the breakout of the lakes Continue reading
Social reporting. The unique bear lake will patrol drones to stop poaching, the collection of plankton
In the Kurgan region entrepreneurs organized patrol of bear lake. Businessmen are struggling with the poachers that are mined in a unique reservoir of microscopic crustaceans. But to the locals, this craft is the only means of existence. Alexei Rebrov understood the problem.
“Here it is washed, purified, in the future – Artemia cysts. Each egg is the size of about 0.2 mm, 200 micron,” Oleg Nikiforov, Director of “NICKNAME”.
The eggs are microscopic crustaceans Artemia – the so-called cyst – a salt lake bear collected two fisheries. This nutritious plankton feed the fry. Enterprises engaged in the fishery, as required by law, only 2 weeks a year – from mid-June until July. But the poachers are operating all year round – cyst is very popular on the black market.
“This year has already occurred the precedent that illegal the announcement was published in local, petukhovsky newspaper: “looking to Buy Artemia cysts,” says Oleg Nikiforov, Director of “NICKNAME”.
In these refrigerators – 30 tons of illegally produced cysts, which was detained by the police. Damage was estimated at 10 million rubles. Now law enforcement bodies try to find the customer party. Collectors known to them – most often poachers are inhabitants Continue reading