Of greatest interest is the island of San Miguel with its historic Maritime capital, green fields and beautiful volcanic scenery. Originally San Miguel was composed of two separate Islands. The largest and most populated of the nine main Islands of the archipelago is 65 km from Settling in the capital of the island called Ponta Delgada, easy access to the rocky coast — to lakes in volcanic craters and hot springs emitting steam from the depths of the island.
The Western part of the island
In the North-West of the island of são Miguel is a giant crater of the volcano Caldeira das Sete Cidades (Caldeira das Network-Cidades), a circumference of about 12 km If the crater is not covered by clouds, is better it is visible from the observation platform Vistas do Rei where the trail starts, leading to its Western edge. At the bottom of the crater lies a little village Network-Cidades and six dark green lakes, separated by thin strips of land. It is believed that the crater was formed in 1440-ies, after the eruption, which was destroyed by the volcano that created the Western part of the island. Today the crater is covered with dense vegetation, although the first settlers called it a scorched shell.
In the main city of the Northern coast, called Continue reading
In Kyrgyzstan several hundred dangerous lakes, out of which 20 lakes are at the stage of breakthrough. These data lead experts on hydrogeology. Each of the lakes is a time bomb. According to the Ministry of natural resources, due to global warming in the country, glaciers melt and increases the volume of water in the lakes. According to the forecast of the Ministry, in the next two years can cut 12 to 15 lakes, situated in the Chui region. How serious is the threat of a breakthrough of mountain ponds and lakes was found Saltanat Kaldybaeva.
In Kyrgyzstan, from 2 thousand more than 300 mountain lakes are vulnerable to breaches. Such data led the head of the Kyrgyz hydrogeological expedition of the Ministry of natural resources Kamchybek Musuraliev. The last two years, the lake has not broken, but today, the fear among scientists is the lake TERS – tor located in the valley of Ala – Archa. The lake quickly filled connection with the intensive melting of snow and glaciers. On the road to this lake is the city of Bishkek and a number of settlements. The last time the lake TERS tor broke through in 1953 – year.
Each of mountain lakes has its own conditions of formation and breakthrough, says hydrogeologist Sergey Erokhin. There are many reasons for the breakout of the lakes Continue reading
Scientists continue to explore the area of the glacier Kolka. Experts fear that he may resume his movement much earlier than predicted. Today, scientists returned from the glacier to Vladikavkaz and met with our correspondent Vsevolod Ryazanov.
10 days MSU scholars held in the glacier Kolka bed. At a height of more than 3 kilometers they examined the recovery process of the ice masses in the place of the incident 4 years ago disaster. It was the largest in modern history of mankind. 140 million tons of ice at a speed of over 200 kilometres per hour swept everything in its path. Since then, scientists annually go to the glacier. Today at Kolka ended with another field of study, but the conclusions about his condition only needs to be done.
Dmitry Petrakov, senior researcher geographical faculty of Moscow state University: “the Main thing is this is a very active advance of the glacier, a former tributary Gullies, its growth and beginning of the reconstruction of the Kolka glacier. We previously predicted that this process will take at least 25-30 years. But the weather conditions are very changeable. What will happen in 2015 or 2020, we can not say”.
The beauty of mountain scenery never Eclipse for the specialist Continue reading