The biggest in the Balkans, Skadar lake – area 356-388 km2 – was not so long ago the protected status of two neighbouring countries – Albania and the former Serbia and Montenegro water and coastal space. Albania has taken under the protection of 495 km2, of which Montenegro is protected almost 900 km2 of water surface and adjacent land. Environmental protection is the most extensive in the Mediterranean basin freshwater pond is a step forward towards the protection of nature.
Two years ago on the island Kosmach on Skadar lake in honor of the restoration of service in the Church of St. George tradition renewed collective wedding. Five pairs of Montenegro, wedlock, said “Yes” and before God, after which the reconstruction of the temple, built in the 14th century by the local feudal lords of the kind of Mrnjavcevic.
Once upon a time Skadar lake was the biggest Bay on the Balkan Peninsula. A large part of this lake belongs to Montenegro, the smaller of Albania. In encyclopedias you can read that its area is 391 km2 and in winter it is poured on 500 km2. Fill the lake as groundwater and rivers morača and crnojevića. Many peoples of the ancient world swam across lake Skadar – the Illyrians, Tatars, Greeks, Romans. In the middle ages on the Islands of hermit monks wrote and copied books here. In many of the nearly 50 Islands there is a monastery or a skete. No wonder the Skadar island called new Athos.
On the banks of Skadar lake there are about 60 settlements. Most large – Rijeka crnojevića and Virpazar. Not far from Virpazar is situated the Turkish fortress of Grmozur. Once there was a border post and today a bird colony. For a long time in the fortress there was a prison for committed very serious crimes. In prison there was a rule, if a prisoner escapes, instead the camera sits miss his jailer. But nothing was never here, as the prison held only by those who couldn’t swim.
Lake Skadar or Shkoder, as it is called in Albania, is widely known as the Parking lot of migratory birds. Temporarily or permanently here is almost 270 species of birds, half of all species occurring on the European continent. Attraction of the lake are marine birds – cormorants, pelicans and exotic. The majority of birds found on the lake, hunting prohibited. The hunting season lasts from August to March, and tourists can watch to photograph them. But there is a species for which hunting is allowed, and therefore the Skadar lake is a Paradise for hunters of waterfowl. Fishing on lake allowed. And more recently, the lake was chosen and one Hippo.
As we said above, once the Skadar lake was a Bay of the Adriatic sea. The Bojana river connects the lake with the Adriatic. In the summer the water temperature rises to 28 degrees Celsius, and someone remembers and winter, when the lake froze. The depth of the lake varies from 4 to 8 meters, between the Islands of Starchevo and beška reaches a depth of over 40 meters. Many km2 of the surface of the Skadar lake is covered with typical marsh vegetation. Water lilies and most of all between them and the birds at any time of the year dobivayutsya boats with tourists who come to admire the unusual beauty of Skadar lake.