The Kolka Glacier may soon resume its movement
Scientists continue to explore the area of the glacier Kolka. Experts fear that he may resume his movement much earlier than predicted. Today, scientists returned from the glacier to Vladikavkaz and met with our correspondent Vsevolod Ryazanov.
10 days MSU scholars held in the glacier Kolka bed. At a height of more than 3 kilometers they examined the recovery process of the ice masses in the place of the incident 4 years ago disaster. It was the largest in modern history of mankind. 140 million tons of ice at a speed of over 200 kilometres per hour swept everything in its path. Since then, scientists annually go to the glacier. Today at Kolka ended with another field of study, but the conclusions about his condition only needs to be done.
Dmitry Petrakov, senior researcher geographical faculty of Moscow state University: “the Main thing is this is a very active advance of the glacier, a former tributary Gullies, its growth and beginning of the reconstruction of the Kolka glacier. We previously predicted that this process will take at least 25-30 years. But the weather conditions are very changeable. What will happen in 2015 or 2020, we can not say”.
The beauty of mountain scenery never Eclipse for the specialist here lurking dangers. Protray rain or melting glacier can turn into terrible trouble for living in the gorges and valleys of the people. Time to recognize the danger is the purpose of the present expedition for the Northern Caucasus and Transcaucasia.
Sergey Chernomorets, the head of the expedition of the Moscow state University: “this year, we began the study with Georgia, where the glaciers of Kazbek is known for its disasters in the 18th, 19th, early 20th century. In Kabardino-Balkaria we explored new glacial lakes to the North of mount Elbrus. In North Ossetia the development of lakes that have formed as a result of the disaster, and at the moment pose no danger”.
During this expedition, scientists found dangerous in the Elbrus region of the lake and alerted the authorities. But, it turned out late. Rains have broken the reservoir and flooded a popular place of recreation for thousands of people – Narzan valley. Now scientists returned to Kabardino-Balkaria to continue their research.