The Lake of a thousand Islands of Qiandaohu, Zhejiang province – the Sights of China
In the Chinese province of Zhejiang is an amazing thousand Islands Lake Qiandaohu. Its total area is 573 km², and on the surface is 1078 Islands of different size, which gave the lake its name.
In 1959, in the Chinese province of Zhejiang necessitated the construction of a hydroelectric station. To do this, on the Qiantang river was created by the dam. The seemingly simple technological process, taking place constantly and everywhere. But in Zhejiang as a result of these works appeared not only a new industrial facility, but also a new and very interesting attraction in China.
Because of the dam an area of 570 km², where previously there was 1377 villages inhabited by 290,000 people, went under water. The resulting lake is called Qiandaohu. Completely flooded but it did not stay long: over time, the water began to settle, revealing the small in size and completely different forms of islets.
Year by year the number of such unusual land increased, and now the pond is called a lake of a Thousand Islands that is not entirely accurate. To date, Qiandaohu, there are 1078 Islands of relatively large size and a countless number of tiny patches of land peeking out of the water. The volume of the lake — 17.8 km³, and the total area of Islands is about 86 km². Thanks to the good climate and presence of water Islands began to grow into herbs, so that now over 80% of land covered by forests, which is home to many animals and birds.
Qiandaohu also known for its crystal clear water: it even uses one of the Chinese manufacturers of mineral water. In addition, the glory of the lake brings ancient history: in 2002, underwater archaeologists discovered that this was once two counties, Sujani and Chugani, whose age is estimated at 1,800 years. Their territory was found well preserved ancient city Shicheng: its buildings, walls and pagodas are a great example of architecture belonging to the era of the Eastern Han dynasty.
Local authorities long to decide how you can use it for commercial purposes. Considered excursions with scuba diving or descent of the water, the building stood out on the surface. But these proposals were rejected and now planned to build the so-called Archimedes bridge — floating tunnel under water.